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Blog Dr. Alex Llanos

Dental Erosion

Dental erosion occurs when the enamel of your teeth wears away due to the action of acids present in the mouth. It can be a problem as it causes the teeth to appear more yellowish and gradually loses its protective layer, which is the enamel.

There are two types of erosion, depending on the origin of the acidic substances that cause it, and both can occur simultaneously:

  1. Intrinsic erosion: caused by acids from your digestive system, either due to gastrointestinal disorders, excessive reflux, psychological disorders, or conditions like bulimia, which induce vomiting that is essentially acidic.

  2. Extrinsic erosion: caused by acidic substances from external sources, such as carbonated beverages, highly acidic sauces, juices, or certain medications or dietary supplements.

erosión dental

Among the symptoms is dental sensitivity. When the enamel no longer protects your tooth, stimuli will reach the nerves of the dental pulp without attenuation, causing increased discomfort with hot and cold temperatures, contact when brushing your teeth, biting hard objects, and chewing sweet or acidic foods.

It is likely that cracks or fissures may appear if your teeth are worn or rounded, or if the edges become more translucent.

If you are in an early stage, you can make changes in your dietary habits or address issues like reflux, or consult with a psychologist if you have eating-related problems.

If your erosion has progressed to the point where dentin is exposed at any location, it can be treated with dental laser to close the necks of the teeth.

If it has advanced significantly, and enamel wear is widespread, treatments such as root canal therapy, major restorations, inlays, dental veneers, and crowns may be necessary.

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